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Exploring Thailand’s Ancient Capital of Glory


Sukhothai, located in the north-central region of Thailand, is an ancient city steeped in history and culture. As the first capital of the Kingdom of Siam, Sukhothai holds great significance as the birthplace of Thai civilization. Founded in the 13th century, the Sukhothai Kingdom flourished under the reign of King Ramkhamhaeng, leaving behind a legacy of art, architecture, and governance that continues to be revered to this day. Today, the ruins of the ancient city are part of the Sukhothai Historical Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, drawing travelers from all over the world to explore the remnants of this once-magnificent capital. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the wonders of Sukhothai, exploring its history, attractions, architecture, activities, accommodations, and everything you need to know to experience the grandeur of this historical gem.

History and Foundation:

Sukhothai, meaning “Dawn of Happiness,” was established as the capital of the Sukhothai Kingdom in the mid-13th century under the leadership of King Ramkhamhaeng the Great. The kingdom expanded its influence over neighboring regions and thrived as a center of culture, trade, and religion. King Ramkhamhaeng is credited with inventing the Thai script, which became the foundation of the written Thai language.

The reign of King Ramkhamhaeng is often considered a golden era in Thai history, marked by peaceful governance, cultural advancement, and a sense of national identity.

Sukhothai Historical Park:

The Sukhothai Historical Park is a vast area that encompasses the ancient ruins of the once-flourishing city. It is divided into five main zones: the Central Zone, Northern Zone, Western Zone, Eastern Zone, and Southern Zone. The Central Zone is the most significant and houses the main attractions, including the Royal Palace, temples, stupas, and ancient Buddha images.

The park’s stunning architecture, adorned with intricate carvings and stucco designs, reflects the distinct Sukhothai style, characterized by lotus-bud chedis and graceful standing Buddha statues.

Wat Mahathat:

Wat Mahathat, also known as the Temple of the Great Relic, is the most important and iconic temple in the Sukhothai Historical Park. It features a massive central stupa surrounded by 168 smaller stupas, each containing a Buddha image. The standing Buddha statue at Wat Mahathat is one of the most well-preserved and revered statues in Sukhothai.

Wat Si Chum:

Wat Si Chum is home to the famous “Phra Achana,” a massive seated Buddha image housed in a narrow brick hall. The image’s serene and enigmatic expression has made it a favorite subject for photographers and art enthusiasts.

Ramkhamhaeng National Museum:

For a deeper understanding of Sukhothai’s history and cultural heritage, visit the Ramkhamhaeng National Museum. The museum houses an extensive collection of artifacts, sculptures, and archaeological finds from the Sukhothai period, providing valuable insights into the kingdom’s past.

Sukhothai Historical Park by Bicycle:

The vastness of the Sukhothai Historical Park makes it ideal for exploration by bicycle. Rent a bike and cycle through the ancient ruins, admiring the impressive architecture, and immersing yourself in the serene surroundings.

Loy Krathong Festival:

Visiting Sukhothai during the Loy Krathong Festival is an extraordinary experience. Celebrated annually on the full moon of the 12th Thai lunar month (usually in November), the festival sees thousands of locals and tourists releasing krathongs (decorative floats made of banana leaves and flowers) into the river, symbolizing the letting go of negativity and the beginning of a new chapter.

Si Satchanalai Historical Park:

Located about 50 kilometers (31 miles) from the Sukhothai Historical Park, Si Satchanalai Historical Park is another important archaeological site from the Sukhothai period. The park features well-preserved ruins, ancient temples, and a serene ambiance, providing a unique glimpse into the region’s history.


Sukhothai offers a range of accommodations to suit various preferences and budgets. From charming guesthouses and boutique hotels near the historical park to luxurious resorts with modern amenities, there are ample choices for every type of traveler.

Sukhothai Cuisine:

Sukhothai’s cuisine is a delightful fusion of Central Thai and Northern Thai flavors. Don’t miss trying local specialties such as “Sukhothai Noodles,” a flavorful noodle dish topped with pork and roasted chili sauce, and “Sai Ua,” a northern Thai sausage known for its aromatic blend of herbs and spices.

Sustainable Tourism:

Sukhothai takes pride in preserving its historical and natural treasures for future generations. Travelers are encouraged to respect the ancient ruins, follow park regulations, and minimize their impact on the environment.


Sukhothai, Thailand’s ancient capital of glory, holds a significant place in the country’s history and culture. With its awe-inspiring ruins, intricate architecture, and serene ambiance, it provides a unique opportunity to step back in time and immerse oneself in the grandeur of the Sukhothai Kingdom. Explore the remarkable Sukhothai Historical Park, cycle through ancient ruins, and witness the vibrant Loy Krathong Festival. Discover the essence of Thai civilization and experience the charm of Sukhothai, a destination that epitomizes Thailand’s rich heritage and timeless allure.


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