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The Ancient City of Monkeys and Rich Heritage

Lopburi, often referred to as the “City of Monkeys,” is a fascinating province located in central Thailand. With a history dating back over a millennium, Lopburi is one of the oldest and most significant cities in the region. Steeped in rich heritage, this charming destination offers a unique blend of historical treasures, captivating culture, and a quirky association with its monkey population.

Geography and Location

Situated approximately 150 kilometers north of Bangkok, Lopburi lies in the Chao Phraya River Valley. The province is bordered by Saraburi to the south, Phetchabun to the north, and Ayutthaya to the west. Its strategic location made it an essential center for trade, culture, and politics throughout various periods of Thai history.

Ancient Heritage

Lopburi’s history traces back to the Dvaravati Kingdom, which flourished between the 6th and 11th centuries. The area was later influenced by the Khmer Empire, and evidence of this can be seen in the impressive Khmer-style architecture found in many of the region’s historical sites.

Prang Sam Yot and Other Historical Sites

One of Lopburi’s most iconic landmarks is the Prang Sam Yot, a Khmer temple complex dating back to the 13th century. The three towering prangs (pagodas) are not only an architectural wonder but also a unique attraction due to their monkey inhabitants. The city’s monkeys have become synonymous with Lopburi, adding an element of charm and quirkiness to the ancient ruins.

Lopburi’s Monkey Population

The crab-eating macaques are an integral part of Lopburi’s identity. The monkeys roam freely around the city, particularly in the Phra Prang Sam Yot area, where they have become the center of attention for tourists and locals alike. Feeding the monkeys is a popular activity, and vendors offer food to engage visitors and entertain the mischievous creatures. However, it’s important to exercise caution and follow local guidelines while interacting with them.

Phra Narai Ratchaniwet Palace

Lopburi also boasts the Phra Narai Ratchaniwet Palace, an elegant blend of Thai, Chinese, and European architectural styles. Built during the reign of King Narai in the 17th century, the palace complex served as the summer residence for the Siamese monarch. Today, the well-preserved palace is a historical museum, offering visitors a glimpse into the opulent lifestyle of the Thai royalty during the Ayutthaya era.

Lopburi National Museum

For history enthusiasts, the Lopburi National Museum is a must-visit destination. The museum houses an extensive collection of artifacts and relics from different periods, including Dvaravati, Khmer, and Ayutthaya. The exhibits provide valuable insights into the area’s rich history, culture, and artistic heritage.

Wat Phra Si Mahathat

Another significant temple in Lopburi is Wat Phra Si Mahathat, which dates back to the 12th century. This impressive temple complex showcases Khmer-style prangs, Buddha statues, and intricately carved stucco designs. A visit to this temple allows visitors to experience the spiritual side of Lopburi while admiring its architectural grandeur.

Sunflower Fields

Beyond its historical sites, Lopburi is also known for its vast sunflower fields. During the cooler months of November to January, these fields come alive with blooming sunflowers, creating a picturesque landscape that attracts photographers and nature enthusiasts from all over Thailand.

Lopburi’s Festivals and Events

Throughout the year, Lopburi hosts various cultural festivals that showcase the province’s traditions and customs. One such event is the Monkey Buffet Festival, held in November, where locals prepare a sumptuous feast for the monkeys as an offering and symbol of prosperity. Additionally, the Phi Ta Khon Festival, influenced by local beliefs and ghost folklore, brings colorful parades and traditional performances to the streets of Lopburi.

Local Cuisine

Lopburi’s culinary scene reflects its diverse cultural heritage. Visitors can savor a wide range of dishes, including spicy Thai curries, aromatic soups, and delectable street food. Don’t miss the opportunity to try some of the local specialties, such as Lopburi’s famous grilled river fish and the sweet and savory “moo diew” (sun-dried pork).


Lopburi, with its ancient history, cultural treasures, and unique association with monkeys, offers an enchanting experience for travelers seeking a glimpse into Thailand’s past. From exploring ancient temples and palaces to witnessing playful monkeys roaming freely through the city, Lopburi’s allure lies in its ability to transport visitors back in time while embracing its charming, quirky character. Whether one comes for the historical significance, the natural beauty of the sunflower fields, or the vibrant festivals, Lopburi promises a memorable journey into the heart of Thailand’s captivating heritage.



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