Old City Baku (Icherisheher)

Old City Baku (Icherisheher)

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A Journey Through Time

In the heart of Azerbaijan’s capital, Baku, lies the ancient and storied Old City, known locally as “Icherisheher.” This historic district is a treasure trove of architectural wonders, cultural heritage, and centuries-old traditions, offering visitors a captivating journey through time. From its imposing city walls to its labyrinthine streets, the Old City Baku beckons with tales of conquests, trade, and cultural exchange. Join us as we delve into the rich history and timeless charm of this UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Historical Background

The Old City Baku traces its origins back to the 12th century when it was founded as a medieval trading post on the shores of the Caspian Sea. Over the centuries, it evolved into a thriving commercial center and an important hub along the ancient Silk Road, connecting East and West. The city’s strategic location made it a coveted prize for empires and conquerors, including the Persians, Arabs, Mongols, and Russians, all of whom left their mark on its architecture and culture.

Architectural Marvels

One of the most striking features of the Old City Baku is its well-preserved medieval walls, which stretch for over two kilometers and are punctuated by imposing gates and watchtowers. Within these walls lie a maze of narrow streets and alleys, lined with centuries-old buildings, mosques, and caravanserais. Highlights include the iconic Maiden Tower, a UNESCO World Heritage Site and symbol of Baku, as well as the ornate Palace of the Shirvanshahs, a masterpiece of medieval Islamic architecture.

Cultural Heritage

The Old City Baku is not just a collection of historic buildings; it is a living testament to Azerbaijan’s rich cultural heritage and vibrant traditions. Visitors to the Old City can immerse themselves in the sights, sounds, and flavors of Azerbaijani culture, from the bustling bazaars and artisan workshops to the traditional tea houses and street performances. Throughout the year, the Old City hosts festivals, concerts, and cultural events that celebrate Azerbaijan’s diverse heritage and artistic legacy.

Preservation Efforts

Preserving the cultural and architectural heritage of the Old City Baku is a top priority for the Azerbaijani government and local authorities. Extensive restoration and conservation efforts have been undertaken to protect the historic buildings and monuments within the Old City, ensuring that future generations can continue to appreciate its beauty and significance. At the same time, sustainable tourism practices and community engagement initiatives aim to promote responsible travel and support the local economy while safeguarding the Old City’s unique character and charm.

Visitor Experience

Exploring the Old City Baku is like stepping back in time to a bygone era of splendor and intrigue. Visitors can wander through its narrow streets, marvel at its ancient architecture, and soak up the atmosphere of this living museum. Guided tours are available to help navigate the labyrinthine alleyways and uncover the hidden gems of the Old City, while museums and cultural centers offer insights into its history and heritage.


In conclusion, the Old City Baku is a cultural gem and a testament to Azerbaijan’s rich history and heritage. Its ancient walls, historic buildings, and vibrant atmosphere make it a must-visit destination for travelers seeking to immerse themselves in the sights, sounds, and flavors of the Caucasus. Whether exploring its medieval fortifications, sampling its traditional cuisine, or simply soaking up the ambiance of its bustling streets, the Old City Baku offers a truly unforgettable experience for all who venture within its storied walls.



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Open 24/7

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